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CASEFORMAT Defines the MATPOWER case file format. A MATPOWER case file is an M-file or MAT-file that defines or returns a struct named mpc, referred to as a "MATPOWER case struct". The fields of this struct are baseMVA, bus, gen, branch, and (optional) gencost. With the exception of baseMVA, a scalar, each data variable is a matrix, where a row corresponds to a single bus, branch, gen, etc. The format of the data is similar to the PTI format described in http://www.ee.washington.edu/research/pstca/formats/pti.txt except where noted. An item marked with (+) indicates that it is included in this data but is not part of the PTI format. An item marked with (-) is one that is in the PTI format but is not included here. Those marked with (2) were added for version 2 of the case file format. The columns for each data matrix are given below. MATPOWER Case Version Information: There are two versions of the MATPOWER case file format. The current version of MATPOWER uses version 2 of the MATPOWER case format internally, and includes a 'version' field with a value of '2' to make the version explicit. Earlier versions of MATPOWER used the version 1 case format, which defined the data matrices as individual variables, as opposed to fields of a struct. Case files in version 1 format with OPF data also included an (unused) 'areas' variable. While the version 1 format has now been deprecated, it is still be handled automatically by LOADCASE and SAVECASE which are able to load and save case files in both version 1 and version 2 formats. See also IDX_BUS, IDX_BRCH, IDX_GEN, IDX_AREA and IDX_COST regarding constants which can be used as named column indices for the data matrices. Also described in the first three are additional results columns that are added to the bus, branch and gen matrices by the power flow and OPF solvers. The case struct also also allows for additional fields to be included. The OPF is designed to recognize fields named A, l, u, H, Cw, N, fparm, z0, zl and zu as parameters used to directly extend the OPF formulation (see OPF for details). Other user-defined fields may also be included and will be automatically loaded by the LOADCASE function and, given an appropriate 'savecase' callback function (see ADD_USERFCN), saved by the SAVECASE function. Bus Data Format 1 bus number (positive integer) 2 bus type PQ bus = 1 PV bus = 2 reference bus = 3 isolated bus = 4 3 Pd, real power demand (MW) 4 Qd, reactive power demand (MVAr) 5 Gs, shunt conductance (MW demanded at V = 1.0 p.u.) 6 Bs, shunt susceptance (MVAr injected at V = 1.0 p.u.) 7 area number, (positive integer) 8 Vm, voltage magnitude (p.u.) 9 Va, voltage angle (degrees) (-) (bus name) 10 baseKV, base voltage (kV) 11 zone, loss zone (positive integer) (+) 12 maxVm, maximum voltage magnitude (p.u.) (+) 13 minVm, minimum voltage magnitude (p.u.) Generator Data Format 1 bus number (-) (machine identifier, 0-9, A-Z) 2 Pg, real power output (MW) 3 Qg, reactive power output (MVAr) 4 Qmax, maximum reactive power output (MVAr) 5 Qmin, minimum reactive power output (MVAr) 6 Vg, voltage magnitude setpoint (p.u.) (-) (remote controlled bus index) 7 mBase, total MVA base of this machine, defaults to baseMVA (-) (machine impedance, p.u. on mBase) (-) (step up transformer impedance, p.u. on mBase) (-) (step up transformer off nominal turns ratio) 8 status, > 0 - machine in service <= 0 - machine out of service (-) (% of total VAr's to come from this gen in order to hold V at remote bus controlled by several generators) 9 Pmax, maximum real power output (MW) 10 Pmin, minimum real power output (MW) (2) 11 Pc1, lower real power output of PQ capability curve (MW) (2) 12 Pc2, upper real power output of PQ capability curve (MW) (2) 13 Qc1min, minimum reactive power output at Pc1 (MVAr) (2) 14 Qc1max, maximum reactive power output at Pc1 (MVAr) (2) 15 Qc2min, minimum reactive power output at Pc2 (MVAr) (2) 16 Qc2max, maximum reactive power output at Pc2 (MVAr) (2) 17 ramp rate for load following/AGC (MW/min) (2) 18 ramp rate for 10 minute reserves (MW) (2) 19 ramp rate for 30 minute reserves (MW) (2) 20 ramp rate for reactive power (2 sec timescale) (MVAr/min) (2) 21 APF, area participation factor Branch Data Format 1 f, from bus number 2 t, to bus number (-) (circuit identifier) 3 r, resistance (p.u.) 4 x, reactance (p.u.) 5 b, total line charging susceptance (p.u.) 6 rateA, MVA rating A (long term rating), set to 0 for unlimited 7 rateB, MVA rating B (short term rating), set to 0 for unlimited 8 rateC, MVA rating C (emergency rating), set to 0 for unlimited 9 ratio, transformer off nominal turns ratio ( = 0 for lines ) (taps at 'from' bus, impedance at 'to' bus, i.e. if r = x = b = 0, then ratio = Vf / Vt) 10 angle, transformer phase shift angle (degrees), positive => delay (-) (Gf, shunt conductance at from bus p.u.) (-) (Bf, shunt susceptance at from bus p.u.) (-) (Gt, shunt conductance at to bus p.u.) (-) (Bt, shunt susceptance at to bus p.u.) 11 initial branch status, 1 - in service, 0 - out of service (2) 12 minimum angle difference, angle(Vf) - angle(Vt) (degrees) (2) 13 maximum angle difference, angle(Vf) - angle(Vt) (degrees) (The voltage angle difference is taken to be unbounded below if ANGMIN < -360 and unbounded above if ANGMAX > 360. If both parameters are zero, it is unconstrained.) (+) Generator Cost Data Format NOTE: If gen has ng rows, then the first ng rows of gencost contain the cost for active power produced by the corresponding generators. If gencost has 2*ng rows then rows ng+1 to 2*ng contain the reactive power costs in the same format. 1 model, 1 - piecewise linear, 2 - polynomial 2 startup, startup cost in US dollars 3 shutdown, shutdown cost in US dollars 4 N, number of cost coefficients to follow for polynomial cost function, or number of data points for piecewise linear 5 and following, parameters defining total cost function f(p), units of f and p are $/hr and MW (or MVAr), respectively. (MODEL = 1) : p0, f0, p1, f1, ..., pn, fn where p0 < p1 < ... < pn and the cost f(p) is defined by the coordinates (p0,f0), (p1,f1), ..., (pn,fn) of the end/break-points of the piecewise linear cost function (MODEL = 2) : cn, ..., c1, c0 n+1 coefficients of an n-th order polynomial cost function, starting with highest order, where cost is f(p) = cn*p^n + ... + c1*p + c0 (+) Area Data Format (deprecated) (this data is not used by MATPOWER and is no longer necessary for version 2 case files with OPF data). 1 i, area number 2 price_ref_bus, reference bus for that area See also LOADCASE, SAVECASE, IDX_BUS, IDX_BRCH, IDX_GEN, IDX_AREA and IDX_COST.

0001 %CASEFORMAT Defines the MATPOWER case file format. 0002 % A MATPOWER case file is an M-file or MAT-file that defines or returns 0003 % a struct named mpc, referred to as a "MATPOWER case struct". The fields 0004 % of this struct are baseMVA, bus, gen, branch, and (optional) gencost. With 0005 % the exception of baseMVA, a scalar, each data variable is a matrix, where 0006 % a row corresponds to a single bus, branch, gen, etc. The format of the 0007 % data is similar to the PTI format described in 0008 % http://www.ee.washington.edu/research/pstca/formats/pti.txt 0009 % except where noted. An item marked with (+) indicates that it is included 0010 % in this data but is not part of the PTI format. An item marked with (-) is 0011 % one that is in the PTI format but is not included here. Those marked with 0012 % (2) were added for version 2 of the case file format. The columns for 0013 % each data matrix are given below. 0014 % 0015 % MATPOWER Case Version Information: 0016 % There are two versions of the MATPOWER case file format. The current 0017 % version of MATPOWER uses version 2 of the MATPOWER case format 0018 % internally, and includes a 'version' field with a value of '2' to make 0019 % the version explicit. Earlier versions of MATPOWER used the version 1 0020 % case format, which defined the data matrices as individual variables, 0021 % as opposed to fields of a struct. Case files in version 1 format with 0022 % OPF data also included an (unused) 'areas' variable. While the version 1 0023 % format has now been deprecated, it is still be handled automatically by 0024 % LOADCASE and SAVECASE which are able to load and save case files in both 0025 % version 1 and version 2 formats. 0026 % 0027 % See also IDX_BUS, IDX_BRCH, IDX_GEN, IDX_AREA and IDX_COST regarding 0028 % constants which can be used as named column indices for the data matrices. 0029 % Also described in the first three are additional results columns that 0030 % are added to the bus, branch and gen matrices by the power flow and OPF 0031 % solvers. 0032 % 0033 % The case struct also also allows for additional fields to be included. 0034 % The OPF is designed to recognize fields named A, l, u, H, Cw, N, 0035 % fparm, z0, zl and zu as parameters used to directly extend the OPF 0036 % formulation (see OPF for details). Other user-defined fields may also 0037 % be included and will be automatically loaded by the LOADCASE function 0038 % and, given an appropriate 'savecase' callback function (see 0039 % ADD_USERFCN), saved by the SAVECASE function. 0040 % 0041 % Bus Data Format 0042 % 1 bus number (positive integer) 0043 % 2 bus type 0044 % PQ bus = 1 0045 % PV bus = 2 0046 % reference bus = 3 0047 % isolated bus = 4 0048 % 3 Pd, real power demand (MW) 0049 % 4 Qd, reactive power demand (MVAr) 0050 % 5 Gs, shunt conductance (MW demanded at V = 1.0 p.u.) 0051 % 6 Bs, shunt susceptance (MVAr injected at V = 1.0 p.u.) 0052 % 7 area number, (positive integer) 0053 % 8 Vm, voltage magnitude (p.u.) 0054 % 9 Va, voltage angle (degrees) 0055 % (-) (bus name) 0056 % 10 baseKV, base voltage (kV) 0057 % 11 zone, loss zone (positive integer) 0058 % (+) 12 maxVm, maximum voltage magnitude (p.u.) 0059 % (+) 13 minVm, minimum voltage magnitude (p.u.) 0060 % 0061 % Generator Data Format 0062 % 1 bus number 0063 % (-) (machine identifier, 0-9, A-Z) 0064 % 2 Pg, real power output (MW) 0065 % 3 Qg, reactive power output (MVAr) 0066 % 4 Qmax, maximum reactive power output (MVAr) 0067 % 5 Qmin, minimum reactive power output (MVAr) 0068 % 6 Vg, voltage magnitude setpoint (p.u.) 0069 % (-) (remote controlled bus index) 0070 % 7 mBase, total MVA base of this machine, defaults to baseMVA 0071 % (-) (machine impedance, p.u. on mBase) 0072 % (-) (step up transformer impedance, p.u. on mBase) 0073 % (-) (step up transformer off nominal turns ratio) 0074 % 8 status, > 0 - machine in service 0075 % <= 0 - machine out of service 0076 % (-) (% of total VAr's to come from this gen in order to hold V at 0077 % remote bus controlled by several generators) 0078 % 9 Pmax, maximum real power output (MW) 0079 % 10 Pmin, minimum real power output (MW) 0080 % (2) 11 Pc1, lower real power output of PQ capability curve (MW) 0081 % (2) 12 Pc2, upper real power output of PQ capability curve (MW) 0082 % (2) 13 Qc1min, minimum reactive power output at Pc1 (MVAr) 0083 % (2) 14 Qc1max, maximum reactive power output at Pc1 (MVAr) 0084 % (2) 15 Qc2min, minimum reactive power output at Pc2 (MVAr) 0085 % (2) 16 Qc2max, maximum reactive power output at Pc2 (MVAr) 0086 % (2) 17 ramp rate for load following/AGC (MW/min) 0087 % (2) 18 ramp rate for 10 minute reserves (MW) 0088 % (2) 19 ramp rate for 30 minute reserves (MW) 0089 % (2) 20 ramp rate for reactive power (2 sec timescale) (MVAr/min) 0090 % (2) 21 APF, area participation factor 0091 % 0092 % Branch Data Format 0093 % 1 f, from bus number 0094 % 2 t, to bus number 0095 % (-) (circuit identifier) 0096 % 3 r, resistance (p.u.) 0097 % 4 x, reactance (p.u.) 0098 % 5 b, total line charging susceptance (p.u.) 0099 % 6 rateA, MVA rating A (long term rating), set to 0 for unlimited 0100 % 7 rateB, MVA rating B (short term rating), set to 0 for unlimited 0101 % 8 rateC, MVA rating C (emergency rating), set to 0 for unlimited 0102 % 9 ratio, transformer off nominal turns ratio ( = 0 for lines ) 0103 % (taps at 'from' bus, impedance at 'to' bus, 0104 % i.e. if r = x = b = 0, then ratio = Vf / Vt) 0105 % 10 angle, transformer phase shift angle (degrees), positive => delay 0106 % (-) (Gf, shunt conductance at from bus p.u.) 0107 % (-) (Bf, shunt susceptance at from bus p.u.) 0108 % (-) (Gt, shunt conductance at to bus p.u.) 0109 % (-) (Bt, shunt susceptance at to bus p.u.) 0110 % 11 initial branch status, 1 - in service, 0 - out of service 0111 % (2) 12 minimum angle difference, angle(Vf) - angle(Vt) (degrees) 0112 % (2) 13 maximum angle difference, angle(Vf) - angle(Vt) (degrees) 0113 % (The voltage angle difference is taken to be unbounded below 0114 % if ANGMIN < -360 and unbounded above if ANGMAX > 360. 0115 % If both parameters are zero, it is unconstrained.) 0116 % 0117 % (+) Generator Cost Data Format 0118 % NOTE: If gen has ng rows, then the first ng rows of gencost contain 0119 % the cost for active power produced by the corresponding generators. 0120 % If gencost has 2*ng rows then rows ng+1 to 2*ng contain the reactive 0121 % power costs in the same format. 0122 % 1 model, 1 - piecewise linear, 2 - polynomial 0123 % 2 startup, startup cost in US dollars 0124 % 3 shutdown, shutdown cost in US dollars 0125 % 4 N, number of cost coefficients to follow for polynomial 0126 % cost function, or number of data points for piecewise linear 0127 % 5 and following, parameters defining total cost function f(p), 0128 % units of f and p are $/hr and MW (or MVAr), respectively. 0129 % (MODEL = 1) : p0, f0, p1, f1, ..., pn, fn 0130 % where p0 < p1 < ... < pn and the cost f(p) is defined by 0131 % the coordinates (p0,f0), (p1,f1), ..., (pn,fn) of the 0132 % end/break-points of the piecewise linear cost function 0133 % (MODEL = 2) : cn, ..., c1, c0 0134 % n+1 coefficients of an n-th order polynomial cost function, 0135 % starting with highest order, where cost is 0136 % f(p) = cn*p^n + ... + c1*p + c0 0137 % 0138 % (+) Area Data Format (deprecated) 0139 % (this data is not used by MATPOWER and is no longer necessary for 0140 % version 2 case files with OPF data). 0141 % 1 i, area number 0142 % 2 price_ref_bus, reference bus for that area 0143 % 0144 % See also LOADCASE, SAVECASE, IDX_BUS, IDX_BRCH, IDX_GEN, IDX_AREA 0145 % and IDX_COST. 0146 0147 % MATPOWER 0148 % Copyright (c) 1996-2016, Power Systems Engineering Research Center (PSERC) 0149 % by Ray Zimmerman, PSERC Cornell 0150 % 0151 % This file is part of MATPOWER. 0152 % Covered by the 3-clause BSD License (see LICENSE file for details). 0153 % See http://www.pserc.cornell.edu/matpower/ for more info.

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